By Dr Renita D’Souza
Taro is a tuber crop and is a pure supply of power. It’s thought-about as a superb supply of carbohydrates and potassium. Historically the plant is used as treatment for common debility, constipation, baldness, stomatitis, piles, liver illnesses and so on. Taro roots and tender leaves are used as greens. Juice of leaf stalk is styptic in nature and utilized on minimize wounds to cease bleeding.
Learn – Manakanda Large taro (Alocasia) Makes use of, Analysis, Medicines, Aspect Results
Botanical Identify – Colocasia esculenta
Synonym – Colocasia antiquorum Schott
Household – Araceae
English Identify – Taro, Eddoes, Dasheen, Wild taro, Eddo, Cocoyam, Kalo, Cocoyam
Hindi Identify – Arabi, Aruwi, Banda, Ghuyan, Arui, Arvi, Kachalu, Ashukachu
Bengali Identify – Kachu, Banakochu, Jongli kochu, Alti Kachu
Marathi Identify – Alvacha kanda, Aalu, Chempu, Ran Aalu, Aaloo
Gujarati Identify – Alavi
Kannada Identify – Kesave, Kesu, Savigadde, Keshavanagadde, Kesavedantu
Tamil Identify – Hempu, nir-c-cempu, Peculam, Shemelam
Telugu Identify – Chama, Chema, Chammadumpaa
Konkani Identify – Terem, Venti
Malayalam Identify – Chemp, Manam, Tal, Chembu, Kaattuchembu, Chempakizhanna, Madantha, Seppankizhangu ,Chempu
Tulu Identify – Ambuge, Chevu, Kesu, Thevu
Arabic Identify – Colcas
Assamese Identify – Bon kachu, Pani kachu, Kola Kochu, Kolia Kochu, Kola-kochu
Nepali Identify – Aruvee, Gaawaa, Karkalo, Kuchuro, Pindaalu
Odia Identify – Kachu, Pechu, Saru
Punjabi Identify – Gagli, Gawian, Kachalu
Urdu Identify – Aruwi, Ghuyan, Kachalu, Kachchu
Manipuri Identify – Pan
Oriya Identify – Jongal Saaru (a)
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Balakrth – promotes bodily energy
Snigdha – unctuous
Guru – heavy to digest
Hrithkaphanashini – reduces the buildup of kapha in chest area
Vishtambha – causes constipation
The one which is fried with oil is tasty and improves the urge for food
Taro is used as a staple meals, snack or as an ingredient in numerous facet dishes.
Colocasia esculenta is an effective supply of starch (70–80 g/100 g dry taro), fiber (0.8%), and ash (1.2%). It’s also wealthy in thiamine, riboflavin, iron, phosphorus, zinc, vitamin B6, vitamin C, niacin, potassium, copper and manganese.
The taro root is wealthy in fiber, manganese, Vitamin B6, Vitamin E, potassium, copper, Vitamin C, phosphorus, magnesium (f, g)
As a result of presence of calcium oxalate crystals in all elements of the taro plant, consuming uncooked or under-cooked taro leaves and bulb may be toxic. This substance is taken into account poisonous when contemporary or uncooked. Calcium oxalate is destroyed by heating. When eaten uncooked it causes pricking sensation in mouth, tongue and throat.(h)
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Colocasia esculenta possesses antimicrobial, antihepatotoxic, anti-diabetic, anti-lipid peroxidative motion, anti-metastatic, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory and so on properties.
Colocasia esculenta comprises beta-carotene, iron, folic acid alkaloids, alkyl-resorcinols, glycosides, phenolics, saponins, sterols, important oils, resins, quite a few sugars and natural acids.
Colocasia esculenta is a tuberous bulb plant rising as much as the peak of three – 5 ft tall.The leaves are giant, coronary heart form resembles elephant ears, triangular ovate, higher floor is darkish inexperienced and lightweight inexperienced beneath.(b)
Colocasia esculent Linn. is native to South-east Asia and India.
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Antibacterial, Anti-fungal Exercise – The research achieved to guage antibacterial and anti-fungal exercise of Colocasia esculenta Linn leaves have proved that its ethanolic extract possess potent antibacterial and anti-fungal properties.
Colocasia esculenta and Colocasia antiquorum, some botanists contemplate them each to be members of a single, very variable species. Typically Colocasia antiquorum is taken into account as synonym of Colocasia esculenta.(i,j)
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – Shaka varga
Area – Eukaryota
Kingdom – Plantae
Phylum – Spermatophyta
Subphylum – Angiospermae
Class – Monocotyledonae
Order – Arales
Household – Araceae
Genus – Colocasia
Species – Colocasia esculenta
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