Sunishannaka (Chaupathiya) – Makes use of, Treatments, Analysis

By Dr Renita D’Souza
Sunishannaka (Marsilea minuta) in Ayurveda is taken into account as one of many healthful food regimen included below greens. In historical classical textual content books, Sunishannaka is talked about as one among the many mixture of herbs used for the therapy of piles, vataraktha (gout), urusthamaba (thigh stiffness), cough of vata origin and so on. The entire plant acts as astringent, coolant, digestive, diuretic, hypnotic and expectorant. It’s used to deal with insomnia, psychological problems, kidney an infection, pores and skin ailments, hepatitis, diarrhea, bronchitis, diabetes and so on. It induces sleep (sedative), purifies blood and improves urge for food.
Learn – Kokilaksha Asteracantha longifolia: Makes use of, Analysis, Aspect Results, Treatments

Botanical Identify – Marsilea minuta
Household – Marsileaceae

Vernacular Names

Sanskrit Identify – Sunishannaka
English Identify – Dwarf waterclover, Gelid waterklawer, Small water clover, Ethereal pepperwort, Pepperwort
Hindi Identify – Chaupathiya, Sunasuniya
Bengali Identify – Sushuni Shaka, Sunishaka, Shushni shak, Shushuno shaaka
Japanese Identify – Nangokudenjiso
Thai Identify – Phakwaen
Malaysian Identify – Tapak itek
Philippines Identify – Kaya-kayapuan
Indonesian Identify – Semanggi
Chinese language Identify – nan guo tian zi cao
French Identify – marsilea à quatre feuilles, petite marsilée

Medicinal Qualities

Style – candy, astringent
Efficiency (virya) – chilly
Grahi – absorbent, bowel binding
Avidaahi – barely causes burning sensation
Laghu – mild to digest
Ruksha – dry in nature
Deepana – kindles digestive fireplace
Vrishya – aphrodisiac
Ruchya – improves style
Hridya – cardiac tonic
Basti shuddikara – cleanses urinary bladder

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Conventional Makes use of

Meda – extra fats tissue problems
Jwara – fever
Shwasa – bronchial asthma, problem in respiratory
Meha – diabetes
Kushta – pores and skin ailments
Brama – giddiness
Aruchi – anorexia, tastelessness
Hridroga – cardiac problems
Pliha – spleen problems
Gulma – belly tumors
Arsha – piles
Daha – burning sensation
Rasayana – rejuvenator
Learn – 13 Essential Advantages Of Rasayana Therapy

Impact on Tridoshas

Balances all three doshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha dosha

Treatments of Sunishannak

  • Leaves are cooked with rice and consumed to deal with indigestion.
  • Plant extract is used as an aphrodisiac
  • To regulate nostril bleeding, juice of leaf extract is used.
  • Swollen gums – Boiled leaves of Sunishannaka and Shorea robusta is utilized over the gums. It reduces the swelling.
  • Spasmodic muscular contraction of the urethra and bladder is handled by consuming the plant decoction twice a day for 10-12 days.
  • Sunishanaka root paste is utilized externally to deal with Atopic dermatitis.
  • Respiratory issues – Recent juice of its shoots and decoction of the leaves might be consumed. It cures cough.
  • Younger fronds (fern leaves) of Chaupathiya is used to deal with lack of sleep (insomnia) and psychological problems.
  • Consuming this plant commonly is helpful in hypertension, headache and sleeping problems.

Sanskrit Verses

Interplay with medicines, dietary supplements

Can this be used whereas taking Homeopathic drugs?
Sure. This product doesn’t react with homeopathic drugs.

this drugs be continued whereas taking dietary supplements like multivitamin tablets,
Omega Three fatty acids and so on?

Sure. Usually, this product goes effectively with most
of the dietary dietary supplements. Nevertheless, in case you are taking a couple of product
per day, please seek the advice of your physician for an opinion.

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With western
Search your
physician’s recommendation in case you are taking this product together with different western
(allopathic / fashionable) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can work together with fashionable
If each Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are suggested collectively, then it’s
greatest to take Allopathic drugs first, anticipate 30 minutes after which take the
Ayurvedic drugs.

Morphology, Distribution

Marsilea minuta is a small creeping fern with erect 4-foliolate leaves. Leaflets are glabrous,cuneate or flabellate, 2 cm lengthy and 1.7 cm in width. Rhizome 0.4-0.eight mm thick,mild brown to inexperienced in coloration.(a)
The leaves of this plant appears to be like like these of the Changeri plant however changeri has Three leaflets and Shunishannak has Four leaflet.
Learn – Changeri – Oxalis Corniculata – Indian Sorrel – Full Ayurveda Particulars

Marsilea minuta is broadly discovered Africa and tropical Asia

Pharmacological Actions

Marsilea minuta possesses antipyretic, analgesic, anti-diabetic, antitussive, expectorant, anti-amnesic, anti-aggressive, antimicrobial, hepatoprotective, anti-fertility, anti-tumor and antioxidant actions.


Marsilea minuta incorporates phenol, flavonoids, saponins, quinones, tannins, terpenoids, coumarins, whole sugar, anthroquinones, Marsiline, Marsileagenin- A, Quercetin-3-O-glucoside, chalcone- O- glucoside kaempferol-3-O-glucoside, quercetin- 3- O-galactoside, naringenin-7-O-glucoside, quercetin-3-rutinoside (rutin), β-sitosterol and hentriacontane (b)


Within the e-book Bhavprakasha written by Sri Brahmashankara Misra and Sri Rupalalaji Vaishya, it’s written that Shitivara and Sunishannaka are two totally different crops however within the Bhavaprakasha Nighantu they’re talked about as synonyms. On this e-book Shitivara has been talked about below the group Karpooradi varga.


Antitussive and Expectorant exercise – A analysis examine performed to judge antitussive and expectorant exercise of Marsilea minuta have concluded that the methanol extract of the plant possesses potent antitussive and expectorant exercise.
Antibacterial and Antioxidant Exercise – A analysis examine performed on chemical composition, antioxidant impact and antimicrobial exercise of hexane: methanol (50:50) leaf extract of Marisela minuta have proved its important antioxidant and antibacterial property in opposition to meals borne pathogenic micro organism.

Ayurvedic Medicines

Dhathu Kalpa Legiyam – It’s a Siddha drugs primarily used as an aphrodisiac.
Viigorwin Legiyam – A Siddha drugs used usually debility, will increase high quality and amount of sperms, improves libido, strengthens nervous system, controls untimely ejaculation.
Vilvam Pill – A classical Siddha drugs used for the therapy of diabetes mellitus.

Sanskrit Synonyms

Shitivaara, Shitivara, Swastika
Sunishannaka, Shrivaraka, Suchipatra
Parnaka, Kukuta, Shiki
Chatushpatra – resulting from Four leaflet construction of leaves
Vitunnaka, Kurkuta, Siti, Suchyaahva
Kuruta, Suchidala


Classical Categorization
Charaka Samhitha – Shaka varga
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – Shaka varga
Raja Nighantu – Shatahavaadi varga
Dhanvantari Nighantu – Guduchyaadi varga
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Aushadhi varga
Shodala Nighantu – Guduchyaadi varga
Learn – Classification Of Meals And Drinks – Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana 27

Scientific Classification
Kingdom – Plantae
Phylum – Pteridophyta
Class – Pteridopsida
Household – Marsileaceae
Genus – Marsilea
Species – Marsilea minuta
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