PETITGRAIN EO & HYDROSOL – Jeanne Rose Aromatherapy Weblog

1.California Leaves Eo
Leaves Of Orange And Bottles Of Petitgrain Essential Oil
Petitgrain Combava, Petitgrain sur Fleur, Petitgrain Bitter and leaves. Leaves courtesy of April Leona Lancaster from California-grown citrus.

Petitgrain — Petitgrain EO is an Important  Oil and never a species; leaves and twigs from any citrus when distilled are referred to as Petitgrain (small fruit) and relying on terroir the scent is totally different. Contains formulation and recipes.


PETITGRAIN EO —  COMMON NAME/LATIN BINOMIAL ~ Petitgrain is the title of an important oil and
shouldn’t be a plant species, it’s the outcomes of distilling the leaves and twigs of
citrus and will be produced from any citrus. It’s significantly Petitgrain Bigarade
from Citrus x aurantium, that’s, the leaves and twigs of the bitter
Orange. Usually, it’s from Citrus x aurantium (L.) however it’s also possible to
have Lemon Petitgrain, Combava petitgrain, Orange Petitgrain, Mandarin
Petitgrain or any sort of petitgrain.

            Household: Rutaceae (the Rutaceae are a household, generally often known as the rue or citrus
household, of flowering vegetation, normally positioned within the order Sapindales. Species of
the household typically have flowers that divide into 4 or 5 elements, normally
with robust scents. They vary in kind and measurement from herbs to shrubs and enormous

EO — Different Widespread Title/Naming Data ~

Initially, Petitgrain which suggests “small fruit” was distilled from the
immature and small spherical inexperienced fruits of the bitter Orange and the leaves. Initially
solely that which was distilled in France from the true bitter Orange may very well be
referred to as Petitgrain however ultimately when Paraguay started to supply as much as 70% of
the world’s provide, any citrus leaf and twig may very well be referred to as petitgrain. Of
course, when you distill the fruits then there can be no mature fruit to eat or
protect.  So ultimately, the distillation was restricted to the leaves and
small branchlets, however the oil remains to be referred to as Petitgrain.
            Blossoms of the true bitter
(bitter) orange tree, Citrus x aurantium Linnaeus, subsp. amara L., on
being distilled yield Neroli bigarade oil. If, however, the leaves
and petioles (leaf stalk) are distilled, oil and hydrosol of Petitgrain
bigarade is obtained and when you cold-press the rind then it’s referred to as Bitter
Orange oil.

EO and hydrosol is thus produced from the Bitter Orange tree after the harvest
of the flowers (for Neroli); leaves and stalks are freshly picked from July to October
and freshly and instantly distilled for the very best product. It must be
emphasised that American producers wishing to supply Petitgrain oil and
hydrosol be very cautious as to the citrus selection they use, time of harvesting
and the kind of distillation.

Citrus is grown
in tropical and subtropical areas, together with varied southern areas within the
southern USA. They’re present in sunny, heat areas all through the world. 
The tree is a small evergreen tree, considerably cold-hardy and tolerant of
drought, however whether it is Mandarin Petitgrain, then know that the fruit itself is
very delicate and delicate to the chilly.  Citrus blooms in winter months
and produces small inexperienced fruits in spring whereas fruits ripen in fall. It grows in
soil with  a pH of 6 to eight.  They do
not, nevertheless, develop properly in soils with excessive salt content material. Leaves are harvested
late June to October for distillation.


Petitgrain is produced by steam distilling the leaves and small branches of
sure citrus bushes after the fruit is harvested.  An important of
the Petitgrain oils comes from the Bitter Orange tree. Paraguay is a giant
producer of Petitgrain from citrus bushes gone wild since 1877.  Increased
high quality Petitgrain comes from France and Italy, generally Egypt and Morocco.
            True Petitgrain EO and
hydrosol ought to originate completely from the true bitter Orange tree. These
distillations present that the oil could have a comparatively excessive laevorotation and
the presence of leaves from candy Orange bushes will end in oils of decrease
laevorotation, and even dextrorotation. (See Orange weblog publish at

            The Petitgrain is distilled from the
leaves and twiglets when the fruit is pea-sized.

The standard of
Petitgrain depends upon varied elements:

1. The leaf materials ought to originate completely from the bitter or bitter
Orange tree.
2. The leaf materials mustn’t include any picket branches, nor any small
unripe fruit (regardless of the title and though it was the unique Petitgrain).
3. The leaf materials must be distilled quickly and with direct steam
that’s generated in a separate boiler
. The leaves should not be
immersed in water, as it will trigger hydrolysis of the linalyl acetate which
is crucial constituent. Correctly distilled the oil and hydrosol will
have a excessive ester content material.
4. The vegetation of Southern France bloom in Might and June and these flowers used
for Neroli manufacturing. Whereas the leaves and petioles for Petitgrain are
harvested from the pruning after the Neroli harvest which is from late June to

are 0.25-0.5%. 

PETITGRAIN COUNTRIES OF ORIGINS ~: Oil of Petitgrain was initially distilled in Paraguay and is now additionally distilled in Egypt, France, Italy, Morocco, USA.  Nonetheless, in Paraguay the plant that’s distilled is a hybrid of the candy and the bitter Orange that has gone wild and thus the oil and hydrosol is thought-about to be of decrease high quality.  Predominant producing areas are the Mediterranean nations of Italy, Corsica, Sicily, and so forth. and California, Florida and South America, every of those nations produce citrus oils which are organoleptically identifiable.

Black And White Photos Of Gathering Bitter Orange Leaves In 1919. From Scientific American
Gathering Leaves

Gathering Bitter Orange leaves in 1919. Footage from 1919 Scientific American
of the
 Gathering of the leaves of the
bitter-orange. For Petitgrain Scent


 ENDANGERED OR NOT ~ Not At present

• ∞


3. Organoleptic Petitgrain

Petitgrain oils. See the totally different colours of the oil which are accessible.

ODOR DESCRIPTION/ AROMA ASSESSMENT ~ Petitgrain has a powerful, bitter-sweet, floral
and considerably woody odor, generally vegetative (not-pleasant), dry and a bit
leathery. The woody odor is from the sesquiterpene alcohol, spathulenol. 
Aldehydes contribute to the odorous precept, despite the fact that they’re in small
quantities.  One other essential constituent is the pyrazines with their
Galbanum-like inexperienced notes. It is very important point out that the hint elements
in Petitgrain results in an excellent scent and particularly in perfumery the place they’re
essential or when

scent must be reconstituted. Petitgrain bigarade is utilized in perfumes for
its refreshing, sweet-floral notes and infrequently as an alternative choice to Neroli.

            Be taught
to Odor and Detect Odor:
system is the seat of reminiscence and studying
Odor from left nostril after which to proper nostril. The appropriate nostril
(proper brain-creative) is essential in detecting and evaluating the depth
of odor, and this hints at a broad olfactory asymmetry and the left
nostril (left mind or logical) is for smelling location or place.

Odor and a pair ofnd Odor: “
within the olfactory epithelium, among the many mucus-exuding cells, are cells which are
a part of the system that innervates the face (trigeminal nerve).  It’s
suspected that pungent and putrid molecules penetrate them, work together with their
proteins, and stimulate them to fireplace.  Thus, there are two forms of
olfaction: first odor, the atypical kind for particular odors, and
second odor for nonspecific pungency and putridity.”

can be left mind and proper mind smell-ability. Left mind
smells location (possibly by way of logical use of EMG waves) whereas proper mind smells
depth. The nearer you get – the extra intense the odor.

Symbol Of Perfume Rising Up
Rising Up

[see the Circular
Vocabulary of Odor© at the end for an analyses of Petitgrain sampled]

yield is made up of linalyl acetate and linaloöl in a proportion of two:1.  The woody odor is from the sesquiterpene
alcohol, spathulenol.  Aldehydes
contribute to the odorous precept, despite the fact that they’re in small
quantities.  One other essential constituent
is the pyrazines with their Galbanum-like inexperienced notes. It is very important
point out that the hint elements in Petitgrain results in an excellent scent and
particularly in perfumery the place they’re essential. The most effective Petitgrain is
distilled from Bitter Orange leaves with famous laevorotation of the molecule,
that beautiful bitter odor that’s so aromatic, and never from candy Oranges the place
the oil could have a dextro- (candy) rotation and thus a unique odor.

The high quality
of Petitgrain oil will be evaluated by its physicochemical properties. Listed below are
the properties of real Petitgrain distilled in Southern France as outlined
in Guenther’s work. …

of Predominant Parts:
The excessive quantity
of ester within the type of linalyl acetate lends the fruity odor to the oil whereas
varied quantities of the opposite elements lend the character to every of the
various kinds of Petitgrain. Chemical Parts are 80% made up of
linalyl acetate and linaloöl in a proportion of two:1 and limonene, dipentene,
citral and others.

Linalyl Acetate Chemical Molecule
Linalyl Acetate chemical molecule

of Petitgrain Bigarade ~
Soluble in 2.Eight to 4.5 volumes of 70% alcohol,
not often with opalescence, however typically with some precipitation. — Guenther


tonic and astringent

Properties and Makes use of of Petitgrain ~ Inhaled to ease the nervous system and soothe
nerves that stimulate the muscle groups; utilized in skincare properties for extreme
zits, to scale back extreme perspiration and in shampoo and cleaning soap for greasy hair
and pores and skin. It’s a nice toner to all physique care merchandise. Great in woody or
fougére perfumes.

            Can be utilized as a part of an aphid
insecticide. Pure important
oils corresponding to coriander oil and petitgrain oil could also be helpful within the management of
foxglove aphid (A. solani). After software of those oils mortality of
the pest was important and amounted to 81.20-99.47% and 89.80-99.50%,
respectively (72 hours after therapy).

does Jeanne Rose use this EO for? 
prefer to take a tablespoon of unscented cleanser or oil and add 1 drop of
Petitgrain EO, particularly the low-intensity Petitgrain oil, corresponding to Bigerade
and blend these and apply to my pores and skin. Then I take a heat washcloth and contact it
to my face to heat the pores and skin, after which rinse, rinse, rinse with heat water. My
pores and skin feels clear and prepared for the day.

A helpful
antiseptic, it kills micro organism on the pores and skin and works properly in cleansers. It might
go away the pores and skin feeling clear and reduces zits.

a Jeanne Rose
Recipe for Aftershave Remedy for Males

  • Four drops of Lavender oil
  • Four drops of Bergamot
  • Four drops of Petitgrain
  • Three drops of Atlas Cedar oil
  • Make your synergy and succuss.
  • Dilute to your specs or as follows, Add 90 drops service oil, lotion or alcohol to dilute to = 12% EO

Diffuse/Diffusion: Petitgrain will be subtle by itself or in any
mix. It lends a tart citrus or inexperienced high quality and the air feels clear. It
soothes the nervous system, is antispasmodic and is inhaled for “nervous
exhaustion or stress.” — 375 Important Oils and Hydrosols, p. 127

Emotional/Energetic Use: Inhaled for nervous exhaustion, fatigue or
stress. Inhale to wake-up and to be extra constructive.

Leaves Of Lemon Tree That Yield Lemon Petitgrain With A Small Fruit
Lemon Petitgrain from Lemon leaves and small fruit. picture by Jill Mulvaney

Greatest with:
Bergamot and all
forms of Citrus and different Petitgrain citrus, Clary Sage, Clove, Atlas Cedar,
Lemon Eucalyptus, Frankincense, scented (Pelargonium) Geranium, jasmine.
Juniper CO2, Labdanum, Lavender, Oakmoss, Palmarosa, Patchouli, all
forms of Rose, Rosemary, Sage, and any floral, and Ylang Ylang.


8.Citrus Nectar Final

Strong Tuberose Fragrance Method #2 – Jeanne
Rose 2003

One other Method is: half oz. Tuberose wax and half oz. Lavender
infused Oil.  Soften in a 1 oz. jar in a water bathtub – slowly and punctiliously.
When the wax is melted add the next scents: 15 drops Jasmine, 15 drops
Ylang additional, 15 drops Vanilla, 15 drops Petitgrain Mandarin and three drops
Vetivert. When you have it, it’s also possible to add 3-5 drops Tuberose to carry up the
caramel scent. Stir gently, let it sit till cool and strong.

You make an natural infusion of the leaves of
any citrus tree for a pleasant enjoyable natural bathtub and add a number of drops of
Petitgrain to reinforce the scent. That is at all times a particular deal with.         

Key Use: Inhale to assuage panic and use externally for clear pores and skin; that’s, inhaled for the nervous system  and use in your body-care merchandise.


~ ORANGE FLOWER AND PETITGRAIN DISTILLATION. On the finish of March 2003, I had the
alternative to distill 5 kilos of pure Orange Flowers for Candy Neroli
Hydrosol obtained from organically grown candy naval Orange, selection Atwood.
The steadiness of the leaves and flowers was then despatched to a different distiller for
the Orange Flower and Petitgrain hydrosol.
            The bushes have been grown within the
foothills edging the nice central valley of California close to the city of
Lindsay. The bushes are grown organically, at 500 ft with a west publicity in
full solar and the realm is licensed natural. The realm is irrigated by way of the San
Joaquin river. The soil is USDA Porterville cobbly clay. There’s about 12
inches of rainfall per 12 months. The harvest was on Wednesday 3/25/03 from about 15
bushes. Harvest climate was overcast to full solar, about 75° F and 30%
humidity.  It took Three hours for every of two individuals (6 whole) to fill 13
five-gallon buckets with twigs and flowers. This was transported to San
Francisco and arrived on Thursday. Every tree produced about 1 bucket (3.3
lbs./bucket) of simply accessible twigs with flowers.  This successfully
gently pruned the tree of extra flowers and can go away it in a position to produce extra
and tastier Oranges.
            We began with 43 kilos of
twiglets that had blossoms and buds hooked up. It took 3-man hours (1 hour for 3
individuals) to select off the flowers and to build up the 5 kilos of just-opened
flowers.  The perfume was candy, intense, floral and fruity with some
inexperienced again notes. The steadiness of the leaves and flowers (38 kilos) was despatched to
the bigger stainless-steel unit, 1-hour north. The leaves have been stored above the
water and should not be immersed in water, as it will trigger the
hydrolysis of linalyl acetate.
A 4-inch copper tube was added to the
gooseneck. Two hours of distillation produced 12 gallons of hydrosol. pH started
at 5, the scent being inexperienced and citrus and because the distillation continued, pH
turned extra acid to 4.4, the scent turning into extra wealthy, citrus and spicy. Three ml
of important oil was produced from the 38 kilos of twigs and flowers.

8.Petitgrain Copy
Lemon petitgrain leaves and fruit

just one distillation that I skilled with citrus flowers/or leaves. One other
that I did was in southern California the place I used to be invited to an deserted
Orange grove that was left in the course of a nexus of freeways. The citrus
tree leaves have been lined with mud, filth and smog. My college students and I (we have been
14 in all), lower branches and sat in a circle choosing off the leaves and
individually dusting after which washing every leaf. It took a number of hours to do
this. I arrange my nonetheless with a display inside to carry the leaves up and off of
the boiling water and we steam-distilled the freshly cleaned leaves. Petitgrain
have to be steam-distilled and never hydro-distilled to forestall the hydrolysis of
the linalyl acetate which is crucial constituent. Correctly distilled
the oil and hydrosol could have a excessive ester content material. The odor was spectacular
however because the Orange grove was situated in the course of a freeway, I cautioned
everybody to odor however not use the distillate.

2003, we distilled 38 lbs. of leaves and twigs of Petitgrain hydrosol. This was
a beautiful hydrosol, very aromatic and candy.  It was utilized in skincare
merchandise and easily as a mister.  A number of misting merchandise have been produced
utilizing the hydrosol. Blended 50/50 with Spearmint hydrosol produced a really
refreshing and aromatic fruity, citrus mint hydrosol. Fabulous to make use of. If the natural
citrus farmers of central California would gather and distill leaves and twigs
of their candy Orange crop, they’d have a value-added product in the way in which of
candy Petitgrain hydrosol.

NOTE: A real hydrosol must be particularly distilled for the hydrosol, not as
a co-product or perhaps a by-product of important oil distillation. The plant’s
mobile water has many elements most are misplaced beneath pressurized quick steam
runs for important oil, or through the use of dried materials. We advocate that the
producers particularly distill for a product through the use of plant materials that’s

HISTORICAL USES ~ Petitgrain is used because the 1700s within the
Perfumery trade. It lends a citrus woody be aware to perfumes.

HISTORY & INTERESTING INFORMATION ~ Petitgrain from Citrus aurantium: Important
Oil of Paraguay
” by Daniel Gade
— EcoBot 33(1), 1979, pp. 63-71        

Some Petitgrain History
Petitgrain Historical past

CONTRAINDICATIONS: It isn’t like different citrus oils as it’s
steam-distilled and never cold-pressed and thus shouldn’t be photosensitive. Solely
contraindications are when you’ve got already sensitivities to citrus oils.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS: GRAStypically acknowledged as secure.

A Snapshot of
Petitgrain Odor

10. Odor Snapshot Petitgrain X 2
Mandarin Petitgrain & Paraguay Petitgrain Odor Snapshot

Snapshot of Petitgrain sur Fleur and Petitgrain Absolute

10. Petitrain Sur Fleur Abs
Petitgrain Odor Snapshots of Four sorts of Petitgrain important oil

Utilizing the Superior Vocabulary of Odor to explain the scent of Mandarin Petitgrain leaves by Jeanne Rose. For additional research with Jeanne Rose and to be taught the Vocabulary of Odor enroll in class, April 2020. See www.jeannerose.web/calendar.html

Steffen. Fragrance and Taste Supplies of Pure Origin. Arctander. 1960
Gorski, R., Kania, A. Affect
of coriander and petitgrain oils on the mortality of foxglove aphid
(Aulacorthum solani Kalt.) occurring on tobacco.
Guenther, Ernest.
The Important Oils. Krieger Publishing. Florida. 1976
Harman, Ann. Harvest to Hydrosol.  IAG Botanics. 2015 (supporter of
testing hydrosols)
Natural Research Course/ Jeanne Rose. San Francisco California, 1992
Mabberley, D. J. Mabberley’s Plant-Guide, 3rd version, 2014
printing, Cambridge College Press.
Mojay, Gabriel.  Aromatherapy for Therapeutic the Spirit. 
Rochester, Vermont:  Therapeutic Arts Press, 1999.
Rose, Jeanne.  375 Important Oils and Hydrosols.  Berkeley,
California: Frog, Ltd., 1999
Rose, Jeanne.  The Aromatherapy Guide: Purposes & Inhalations
San Francisco, California:

11. Petitgrain Abs
Petitgrain absolute

absolute ~ beautiful fragrance ingredient from Eden Botanicals

Initially, Petitgrain EO, which suggests “small
seed” was really distilled from the immature and small, spherical inexperienced fruits of
the Citrus bushes.  After all, when you distill the fruits then there can be
no mature fruit to eat or protect.  So ultimately, the distillation was
restricted to the leaves and small branchlets, however the oil remains to be referred to as

A Floral Citrus Perfume Formual
Floral Floral Fragrance

Chart Of Current Citrus Names
Present right Latin Names of the Citrus



Essential Oil Safe Precautions
Important Oil Protected Precautions
Rana Sohail Citrus
Photograph courtesy of Rana Sohail citrus