The virus that causes COVID-19 is a brand new kind of coronavirus in individuals. That’s why it’s known as a novel virus. As a result of it’s new, individuals have little or no immune safety from it. This permits it to unfold shortly and broadly.
There are numerous kinds of coronaviruses. The most typical kind causes the frequent chilly. However in contrast to the frequent chilly — which nearly everybody will get over with out issues — COVID-19 could cause critical sickness and loss of life.
An epidemic is an outbreak of infectious illness (or generally one other well being downside) that’s occurring way more than standard in an space. When COVID-19 first appeared in China, it was known as an epidemic due to the speedy rise within the variety of infections there.
A pandemic is an epidemic that spreads to many areas all over the world. The World Well being Group has known as COVID-19 a pandemic as a result of the illness has traveled worldwide.
It’s true that many individuals with infections received’t get too sick. Most individuals recover from the sickness with out issues. However some individuals — particularly those that are older or produce other well being issues — can get very ailing and can want intensive care in a hospital. If we are able to forestall the unfold of an infection, we are able to scale back the variety of critical infections and assist shield those that are at highest danger.
If COVID-19 spreads in a short time and broadly, many individuals could also be sick at one time. If this occurs, the medical neighborhood could not have the assets to take care of individuals in the way in which they want. Taking motion to forestall the unfold of the virus can assist be certain that this doesn’t occur.
Consultants agree that one of the best ways to spice up your immune system is by having a wholesome life-style. It’s essential to get sufficient sleep, eat wholesome meals, keep lively, restrict alcohol (in the event you drink), and discover methods to scale back stress.
Consultants say it could be potential to get the virus by touching one thing that has the virus on it. This consists of surfaces like tables and counter tops and objects comparable to doorknobs, taps, bogs, distant controls, and handles on the fridge and microwave.
To scrub and disinfect surfaces and objects:
Cleaning soap destroys the virus by breaking it aside. This coronavirus, like many different viruses, has a fatty outer layer. This layer helps shield the virus from the defenses of the host that it’s invading.
A cleaning soap molecule has a head that likes water and a tail that doesn’t. While you wash your arms with cleaning soap and water, the tail tries to get away from the water by stepping into the fatty layer of the virus. It breaks by way of the fats layer, and the virus falls aside, or “dies.” (It really turns into inactive, since viruses aren’t actually alive.) Scrubbing your arms whereas washing additionally helps wash away the virus.
Washing your arms with cleaning soap and water is finest. Any cleaning soap will work. But when cleaning soap and water aren’t obtainable, hand sanitizers which have not less than 60% alcohol additionally will disable the virus. You want to use sufficient sanitizer to cowl all areas of your arms.
Sure. Exercise is nice in your physique, thoughts, and temper. Many parks and mountaineering trails have been quickly closed, so examine along with your metropolis or county earlier than visiting them. Consultants say you’ll be able to stroll, hike, or do different exercise exterior so long as you’ll be able to keep 6 ft away from different individuals and put on a face masks. You may as well wave at neighbors, shout a hi there, or cease for a fast chat, in the event you’re 6 ft or extra away from them.
It’s finest to exit provided that it’s a must to. For instance, you would possibly must go to a grocery store or to work. Should you do exit, put on a face masks and keep away from teams of individuals. Apply bodily distancing. This implies if it’s a must to be round somebody, don’t get too shut. It’s most secure to remain not less than 6 ft away from others, however in the event you can’t be 6 ft aside, keep as far aside as potential.
Keep away from individuals who could also be ailing. Attempt to keep away from touching issues that plenty of different individuals have touched (like door handles and elevator buttons). Don’t contact your eyes, nostril, or mouth. Wash your arms typically with cleaning soap and water. Should you can’t wash, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
If you already know that you just’ve been uncovered to somebody who was identified with COVID-19, isolate your self for 14 days. This implies don’t go to work, to the shop, or to any social occasions. Solely exit in the event you want medical care. If potential, keep in a separate room at residence. This can assist shield individuals in your family. Should you develop signs of COVID-19 (together with cough, shortness of breath or 2 of those signs — fever, chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle ache, headache, sore throat, and new lack of style or scent), contact us. A supplier will let you already know in the event you want care or testing.
You may chat or say hi there to somebody in the event you can maintain 6 ft or extra between you. It’s essential to maintain your distance to assist cease the unfold of the virus. Chances are you’ll suppose you’re wholesome, however you may carry the virus and unfold it even in the event you really feel effective. So may your pals. You may all the time name family and friends or see one another on a video name.
The coronavirus primarily spreads individual to individual by way of shut contact. Shut contact means that you’re nearer than 6 ft from somebody who has COVID-19. To get the virus it’s a must to are available in contact with droplets of the virus when somebody who has the an infection coughs or sneezes.
Some individuals who have COVID-19 don’t have any signs. That’s known as being asymptomatic. There have been reviews that these individuals might be able to move the virus to others. That’s one cause why it’s essential to remain not less than 6 ft away from others.
Individuals with COVID-19 appear to be most contagious once they have signs like a fever and a cough.
The virus is new, so it’s not recognized how hotter climate will have an effect on it. Some sicknesses (just like the flu and colds) are extra frequent in colder climate than hotter climate. Nevertheless it’s not recognized if that can be true of this virus.
There’s no proof that the virus could be unfold by way of water or meals. The virus is believed to be unfold from individual to individual. This occurs by way of shut contact (being inside 6 ft) and droplets when an individual who has the virus coughs or sneezes. Consultants additionally suppose it could be potential to get the virus by touching one thing that has the virus on it after which touching your mouth, nostril, or eyes.
Whereas meals doesn’t unfold the virus, it’s essential to scrub your arms with cleaning soap and water for 20 seconds earlier than you put together meals. It’s additionally essential to disinfect surfaces like kitchen counters, tables, and objects that you just contact.
Thus far, there’s no proof that COVID-19 is unfold by ticks or mosquitoes.
For more information on coronavirus go to kp.org/wa/coronavirus.
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